ZIKA VIRUS – EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW
WHAT IS ZIKA VIRUS?
Zika virus spreads among humans by the bite of a mosquito. The most common symptoms of Zika virus include fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The disease is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week. Usually does not require clinical treatment.
IMPORTANT – has been proven that this virus can harm pregnant women and newborn babies! Also is confirmed that it can be passed on from person to person, so if you go on a trip to a country where there is a possibility of becoming infected, do your best to protect yourself!
- THERE IS NO VACCINE
- The best is to avoid mosquito bites on all currently available methods – Use a devices that are do not allow mosquitos to enter, wear long clothes, use bracelets and creams (such as Autan). See more here!
- The mosquitoes that transmit the virus bite during the day
Countries that are affected by this virus by the World Health Organization are (currently on the day of 01/27/2016.)
- Arica – Cape Verde
- Oceania / Pacific – Samoa
- America – Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Ghana, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, St. Martin, Suriname, US Virgin Islands, Venezuela.
Information about other countries are available on the website of the World Health Organization or
I am traveling to countries where is possibility of becoming infected ZIKA virus. WHAT SHOULD I DO?
- Use insect repellent (avoid those that have oil eucalipstus lemon for children younger than 3 years). If you need, first put the sunscreen, and then insect repellent.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants.
- Prevent the entry of mosquitoes and other insects in the room using the air conditioning and repel insects (such as RAID). Sleep under mosquito nets.
Drain all standing water from flower pots and buckets to avoid attracting mosquitoes and other insects.
PREGNANT WOMEN AND THOSE WHO WANT CHILDREN should as far as possible postpone their travel to infected countries until scientists found out more about Zika virus. If the road is necessary you need to make an effort to avoid mosquito bites and other insects! It is still unknown whether and how extent this virus can affect the baby, although it is known that it remains in the blood for several days or several weeks. There is no evidence that mother can transmit this virus to baby whit breastfeeding.
Why is not recommended to become pregnant because of Zika virus?
Doctors do not recommend pregnancy because of the rapid spread of the virus, of whom not much is known all over the world! It is not known how and whether Zika virus effect on babies and children! It is expected the invention of vaccine and drugs.
I got infected by ZIKA VIRUS, What should I do?
Get plenty of rest and drink lots of fluids. Use medications such as acetaminophen or paracetamol to relieve fever and pain. Do not use aspirin and similar drugs. If the condition worsens consult a doctor!
BEFORE you travel inform about the latest information in relation of ZIKA VIRUS, because it is expected to expand to other countries! See site of the World Health Organization